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Chapter 18. General Zoning Ordinance

Sec. 18-56. Agricultural Land Uses

(1) Cultivation: Operations primarily oriented to the on-site, outdoor raising of plants for commercial purposes. Cultivation includes the raising of trees as a crop to be replaced with more trees after harvesting, such as in nursery or Christmas tree operations. The raising of plants for consumption by farm animals is considered Cultivation if said plants are consumed by animals which are located off-site. This land use excludes Community Garden and Market Garden.

Regulations:

(a) Minimum required parking: None.

(2) Husbandry: All operations primarily oriented to the on-site raising and/or use of animals at an intensity of less than one animal unit per acre. This includes horses, cattle, sheep, goats, llamas (and related species), deer, antelope, swine, foul (including chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, peacocks, guinea hens, game birds), aquatic species (including fish, shellfish, crustaceans, echinoderms, plants, and algae), and any animals typically hunted or trapped. This excludes animals typically kept as pets and commonly available at commercial pet stores (e.g., domestic dogs and cats, fish, small rodents, reptiles, amphibians, tropical/exotic birds). Apiaries are also considered Husbandry land uses.

Regulations:

(a) Any building housing animals shall be located a minimum of 300 feet from any residentially zoned property, and 100 feet from all other lot lines.

(b) All outdoor animal containments (pastures, pens, and similar areas) shall be located a minimum of 25 feet from any residentially zoned property.

(c) Minimum required parking: One space per employee on the largest work shift. (Note: agricultural land uses are hereby made exempt from the surfacing requirements of Section 18-103).

(3) Intensive Agriculture: All operations primarily oriented to the on-site raising and/or use of animals at an intensity equal to or exceeding one animal unit per acre and/or agricultural activities requiring structures, equipment and/or infrastructure specific to one operation rather than to farming in general. Examples of such land uses include feed lots, hog farms, poultry operations, aquaculture, and certain other operations meeting this criterion.

Regulations:

(a) Intensive Agricultural uses shall not be located in or abut an existing or platted residential subdivision.

(b) All buildings, structures, outdoor storage areas, and outdoor animal containments (pastures, pens, and similar areas) shall be located a minimum of 300 feet from all residentially zoned property and 100 feet from all other lot lines.

(c) Intensive Agricultural uses shall be located in an area which is planned to remain commercially viable for agricultural land uses.

(d) Intensive Agricultural uses shall be completely surrounded by a bufferyard with a minimum opacity of 0.8.

(e) Minimum required parking: One space per employee on the largest work shift. (Notes: customer parking shall be provided based on land use; agricultural land uses are hereby made exempt from the surfacing requirements of Section 18-103).

(4) On-Site Agricultural Retail: The sale of agricultural products grown exclusively on the site. The sale of products grown or otherwise produced off-site shall not be permitted within On-Site Agricultural Retail operations; such activity constitutes Indoor Sales or Service (see Section 18-58(5)).

Regulations:

(a) Signage shall be limited to one on-site sign which shall not exceed 30 square feet in area.

(b) Such land use shall be served by no more than one driveway. Said driveway shall require a valid driveway permit (per Chapter 15 of the City of Marshfield Code of Ordinances).

(c) On-Site Agricultural Retail uses, once discontinued for a period of 12 months, shall not be re-established except with the granting of a conditional use permit, and shall only be permitted in the RH-35 district.

(d) Minimum required parking: One parking space shall be required for every 200 square feet of product display area. (Note: agricultural land uses are hereby made exempt from the surfacing requirements of Section 18-103).

(5) Agricultural Service: Operations pertaining to the sale, handling, transport, packaging, storage, or disposal of agricultural equipment, products, by-products, or materials primarily used or produced by agricultural operations. Examples of such land uses include, but not limited to, agricultural implement sales, storage, or repair operations; feed and seed stores; agricultural chemical dealers and/or storage facilities; animal feed storage facilities; commercial dairies; food processing facilities; canning and other packaging facilities; and agricultural waste disposal facilities (except commercial Composting uses, see Section 18-63(2)).

Regulations:

(a) Agricultural Service uses shall not be located in or abut an existing or platted residential subdivision.

(b) All outdoor animal containments (i.e. pastures, pens and similar areas) shall be located a minimum of 100 feet from all lot lines.

(c) If within the RH-35 district, agricultural service uses shall be located in an area which is planned to remain commercially viable for agricultural land uses.

(d) Once discontinued for a period of 12 months, Agricultural Service uses shall not be re-established except with the granting of a conditional use permit, and shall only be permitted in the RH-35 or GI districts.

(e) Minimum required parking: One space per employee on the largest work shift. (Notes: customer parking shall be provided based on land use; agricultural land uses are hereby made exempt from the surfacing requirements of Section 18-103).

(6) Community Garden: Community Garden areas for cultivation and related activities divided into one or more plots to be cultivated by more than one operator or member. These areas may be on public or private lands and may be principle or accessory uses.

Regulations:

(a) All garden areas and structures shall be located a minimum of 5 feet from the lot line.

(b) A site plan shall be submitted to the Zoning Administrator for approval. Said site plan shall list the property owner, established sponsoring organization and garden manager, and demonstrate consideration for and indicate locations of structures, materials storage, equipment storage, access for deliveries and pickups, water availability, shaded rest area, and availability of public parking.

(c) The following structures are permitted in Community Gardens: tool sheds, shade pavilions, barns, rest-room facilities with composting toilets, and planting preparation houses, benches, bike racks, raised/accessible planting beds, compost bins, picnic tables, seasonal farm stands, fences, garden art, rain barrel systems, and children's play areas.

(d) Signs shall be limited to identification, information, and directional signs, including sponsorship information where the sponsorship information is clearly secondary to other permitted information on any particular sign and shall not exceed a total aggregate area of 48 square feet.

(e) Fences shall comply with the regulations in Section 18-106.

(f) The applicant shall demonstrate adequate off-street parking availability.

(7) Market Garden: An area for cultivation and related activities divided into one or more plots to be cultivated by more than one operator or member. These areas may be on public or private lands, with on-site sales of crops grown on-site permitted, and may be principle or accessory uses. Market Gardens shall adhere to the following listed regulations.

(a) All activity areas and structures shall be located a minimum of 5 feet from the lot line.

(b) A site plan shall be submitted to the Zoning Administrator for approval. Said site plan shall list the property owner, established sponsoring organization, and garden manager, and demonstrate consideration for and indicate locations of structures, materials storage, equipment storage, access for deliveries and pickups, water availability, shaded rest area, and availability of public parking.

(c) The following structures are permitted within Market Gardens: tool sheds, shade pavilions, barns, rest-room facilities with composting toilets, and planting preparation houses, benches, bike racks, raised/accessible planting beds, compost bins, picnic tables, seasonal farm stands, fences, garden art, rain barrel systems, and children's play areas.

(d) Seasonal farm stands shall be removed from the premises or stored inside a building on the premises during that time of the year when the garden is not open for public use.

(e) Signs shall be limited to identification, information and directional signs, including sponsorship information where the sponsorship information is clearly secondary to other permitted information on any particular sign and shall not exceed a total aggregate area of 48 square feet.

(f) Fences shall comply with the regulations in Section 18-106.

(g) The applicant shall demonstrate adequate off-street parking availability.