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Chapter 18. General Zoning Ordinance

Sec. 18-57. Institutional Land Uses

(1) Small Scale Indoor Institutional: Small scale indoor institutional uses of 10,000 gross square feet or less including indoor public and not for profit recreational facilities (such as gyms, swimming pools, libraries, museums, and community centers), municipal facilities, clinics, pre-K through high schools, college or trade schools, churches, nonprofit clubs, nonprofit fraternal organizations, funeral homes, and similar land uses. Small Scale Indoor Institutional uses have less impact on surrounding properties than Large Scale Indoor Institutional uses.

Regulations:

(a) An off-street passenger loading area shall be provided if the majority of the users will be children (as in the case of a school, church, library, or similar land use).

(b) Minimum required parking: Generally, one space per 3 expected patrons at maximum capacity; however, the following specific requirements may apply.

1. Church: One space per 5 seats at the maximum capacity.

2. Community or recreation center: One space per 350 square feet of gross floor area, or one space per 4 patrons to the maximum capacity, whichever is greater, plus one space per employee on the largest work shift.

3. Funeral home: One space per 3 patron seats at the maximum capacity, plus one space per employee on the largest work shift.

4. Library or museum: One space per 350 square feet of gross floor area or one space per 4 seats to the maximum capacity, whichever is greater, plus one space per employee on the largest work shift.

5. Elementary and junior high: One space per 2 employees.

6. Senior high: One space per 2 employees, plus 30 percent of maximum capacity.

7. College or trade school: One space per staff member on the largest work shift, plus one space per 2 students of the largest class attendance period.

(2) Large Scale Indoor Institutional: Large scale indoor institutional uses with greater than 10,000 gross square feet including, indoor public and not for profit recreational facilities (such as gyms, swimming pools, libraries, museums, and community centers), municipal facilities, hospitals, large scale clinics, pre-K through high schools, college or trade schools, churches, nonprofit clubs, nonprofit fraternal organizations, convention centers, funeral homes, and similar land uses, and outdoor facilities ancillary to such uses (such as sports fields and outdoor gathering spaces).

Regulations:

(a) An off-street passenger loading area shall be provided if the majority of the users will be children (as in the case of a school, church, library, or similar land use).

(b) Minimum required parking: Generally, one space per 3 expected patrons at maximum capacity; however, the following specific requirements may apply.

1. Hospital: 1.5 spaces per bed.

2. Church: One space per 5 seats at the maximum capacity.

3. Community or recreation center: One space per 350 square feet of gross floor area, or one space per 4 patrons to the maximum capacity, whichever is greater, plus one space per employee on the largest work shift.

4. Funeral home: One space per 3 patron seats at the maximum capacity, plus one space per employee on the largest work shift.

5. Library or museum: One space per 350 square feet of gross floor area or one space per 4 seats to the maximum capacity, whichever is greater, plus one space per employee on the largest work shift.

6. Elementary and junior high: One space per 2 employees.

7. Senior high: One space per 2 employees, plus 30 percent of maximum capacity.

8. College or trade school: One space per staff member on the largest work shift, plus one space per 2 students of the largest class attendance period.

(3) Correctional Institutional: A facility for the detention, confinement, treatment, or rehabilitation of persons arrested or convicted for the violation of the law including adult detention centers, juvenile delinquency centers, jails, prisons, and similar land uses.

Regulations:

(a) All structures shall be located a minimum of 100 feet from any residentially zoned property.

(b) Minimum required parking: One space per each employee on the largest work shift including contracted employees plus 10 percent of that number of spaces.

(4) Outdoor Open Space Institutional: Cemeteries, privately held permanently protected green space areas, open grassed areas not associated with any particular active recreational land use, and similar land uses.

Regulations:

(a) All buildings shall be located a minimum of 50 feet from any residentially zoned property. Grave sites are exempt from setback requirements.

(b) Minimum required parking: No parking is required; however, for uses accessory to cemeteries (e.g., mausoleums), parking may be required per the recommendation of the Plan Commission or Zoning Administrator.

(5) Passive Outdoor Recreation: Recreational land uses which involve passive recreational activities, such as arboretums, natural areas, wildlife areas, hiking trails, bike trails, cross country ski trails, horse trails, picnic areas, picnic shelters, botanical gardens, fishing areas, and similar land uses.

Regulations:

(a) Minimum required parking: One space per 4 expected patrons at maximum capacity for any use requiring over 5 spaces.

(6) Active Outdoor Recreation: Recreational land uses which involves active recreational activities. Such land uses include tennis courts, basketball courts, ball diamonds, football fields, soccer fields, neighborhood parks, playgrounds, tot lots, outdoor swimming pools, swimming beach areas, fitness courses, golf courses, and similar land uses.

Regulations:

(a) Facilities using recreational facility night lighting and abutting a residentially zoned property shall install and continually maintain a bufferyard with a minimum opacity of 0.50. Said bufferyard shall be located at the property line abutting said residentially zoned property.

(b) All structures shall be located a minimum of 50 feet from any residentially zoned property.

(c) Facilities which serve a regional or community-wide function shall provide an off-street passenger loading area if the majority of the users will be children.

(d) Minimum required parking: The Zoning Administrator shall determine parking requirements based on specific uses and needs.

(7) Essential Services: The erection, construction, alteration, or maintenance by public utilities or municipal or other governmental agencies, of underground and overhead lines and pipes for gas, electric, telephone, communications, cable television, steam, public water supply, sanitary sewage collection, stormwater conveyance, or other comparable utilities. Essential Services include such above-surface facilities as poles, guide wires, fire alarm boxes, water hydrants, utility posts, police call boxes, and standpipes. Essential Services do not include larger utility facilities included under Public Services and Utilities, such as electric substations, wastewater treatment plants, well houses, and water towers. Essential services are exempt from density, intensity, and bulk regulations.

(8) Small Scale Public Services and Utilities: Small scale City, county, state, and federally owned facilities such as light stations, pump houses, water towers, public and/or private utility substations, utility and public service related distribution facilities, and similar land uses. This does not include uses listed under Essential Services or Large Scale Public Services and Utilities.

Regulations:

(a) All structures shall be located a minimum of 20 feet from any residentially zoned property.

(b) Outdoor storage areas shall be located a minimum of 50 feet from any residentially zoned property.

(c) The exterior of all buildings shall be compatible with the exteriors of surrounding buildings.

(d) All outdoor storage areas abutting a residentially zoned property shall install and continually maintain a bufferyard with a minimum opacity of 0.60. Said bufferyard shall be located at the property line abutting said residentially zoned property.

(e) Minimum required parking: One space per employee on the largest work shift, plus one space per company vehicle normally stored or parked on the premises.

(9) Large Scale Public Services and Utilities: Large scale City, county, state, and federally owned facilities such as public works facilities and garages, wastewater treatment plants, potable water treatment plants, public and/or private utility substations, utility and public service related distribution facilities, and similar land uses. This does not include uses listed under Essential Services or Small Scale Public Services and Utilities.

Regulations:

(a) All structures shall be located a minimum of 20 feet from any residentially zoned property.

(b) Outdoor storage areas shall be located a minimum of 50 feet from any residentially zoned property.

(c) The exterior of all buildings shall be compatible with the exteriors of surrounding buildings.

(d) All outdoor storage areas abutting a residentially zoned property shall install and continually maintain a bufferyard with a minimum opacity of 0.60. Said bufferyard shall be located at the property line abutting said residentially zoned property.

(e) Minimum required parking: One space per employee on the largest work shift, plus one space per company vehicle normally stored or parked on the premises.

(10) Institutional Residential: Residential development designed to accommodate Institutional Residential land uses, such as senior housing, retirement homes, assisted living facilities, nursing homes, hospices, convents, monasteries, dormitories, nursing homes, convalescent homes, limited care facilities, physical rehabilitation centers, transitional housing (housing and supportive services for homeless persons that is designed to facilitate the movement of homeless persons to independent living), and similar land uses not considered to be Community Living Arrangements (see separate listings).

Regulations:

(a) Project shall provide an off-street passenger loading area at a minimum of one location within the development.

(b) Minimum required parking: The following specific parking requirements may apply.

1. Senior housing or retirement housing: One half space per dwelling unit.

2. Assisted living facility or limited care facility: One space per 2 dwelling units.

3. Monastery, convent, or dormitory: One space per 6 residents, plus one space per employee on the largest work shift, plus one space per 5 chapel seats if the public may attend.

4. Nursing home or hospice: One space per 4 patient beds, plus one space per 2 employees on the largest work shift, plus one space per doctor.

(11) Community Living Arrangement (1-8 Residents): Facilities including community living arrangements for adults (per Wisconsin Statutes 46.03(22)), community living arrangements for children (per Wisconsin Statutes 48.743), and community based residential facilities (per Wisconsin Statutes 50.01(1g)). Community Living Arrangements do not include Group Daycare Centers, nursing homes, hospitals, prisons, or jails. Community Living Arrangement facilities are regulated depending upon their capacity as provided for in Wisconsin Statutes 62.23(7)(i), provided any such regulations do not violate federal or state housing or anti-discrimination laws.

Regulations:

(a) No Community Living Arrangement shall be established within 2,000 feet of any other such facility regardless of its capacity.

(b) The applicant shall demonstrate that the total capacity of all Community Living Arrangements (of all capacities) in the City shall not exceed one percent of the City's population or one percent of the Aldermanic District's population (as shown in the most recent U.S. Census).

(c) Foster homes housing 4 or fewer children and licensed under Wisconsin Statutes 48.62 shall not be subject to (a), above; and shall not be subject to, or count toward, the total arrived at in (b), above.

(d) Each facility shall have a rear and side yard which is visually screened from abutting residential properties unless such facility is contained in a single family dwelling.

(e) Minimum required parking: One space for each employee of the largest shift plus one space for every 3 beds.

(f) The Plan Commission may grant exceptions to any of these regulations by issuance of a conditional use permit.

(12) Community Living Arrangement (9-15 Residents): See description under Subsection (11), above.

Regulations:

(a) No Community Living Arrangement shall be established within 2,000 feet of any other such facility regardless of its capacity.

(b) The applicant shall demonstrate that the total capacity of all Community Living Arrangements (of all capacities) in the City shall not exceed one percent of the City's population.

(c) Foster homes housing 4 or fewer children and licensed under Wisconsin Statutes 48.62 shall not be subject to (a), above; and shall not be subject to, or count toward, the total arrived at in (b), above.

(d) Each facility shall have a rear and side yard which is visually screened from abutting residential properties unless such facility is contained in a single family dwelling.

(e) Minimum required parking: One space for each employee of the largest shift plus one space for every 3 beds.

(f) The Plan Commission may grant exceptions to any of these regulations by issuance of a conditional use permit.

 

(13) Community Living Arrangement (16+ Residents): See description under Subsection (11), above.

Regulations:

(a) No Community Living Arrangement shall be established within 2,000 feet of any other such facility regardless of its capacity.

(b) The applicant shall demonstrate that the total capacity of all Community Living Arrangements (of all capacities) in the City shall not exceed one percent of the City's population.

(c) Foster homes housing 4 or fewer children and licensed under Wisconsin Statutes 48.62 shall not be subject to (a), above; and shall not be subject to, or count toward, the total arrived at in (b), above.

(d) The minimum lot size for each district shall apply, except that the minimum lot area in square feet shall be increased 1,000 square feet for each additional 2 residents over 15.

(e) Each facility shall have a rear and side yard which is visually screened from abutting residential properties unless such facility is contained in a single family dwelling.

(f) Minimum required parking: One space for each employee of the largest shift plus one space for every 3 beds.

(g) The Plan Commission may grant exceptions to any of these regulations by issuance of a conditional use permit.